Cymdeithas Hanes Brynmawr
The Clydach Railroad.
“The Clydach Gorge – a natural route between Coalfield and Usk Valley - once possessed the highest concentration of tramroads in Wales. The Clydach Railroad - an edge rail system permitted by the 1793 Canal Act - was first to connect upland coal and iron works with the Brecon & Abergavenny Canal at Gilwern. Built by 1794 at least three years before canal construction began, the tramroad helped finance that project by transporting iron to Glangrwyne Forge and supplying the Usk Valley coal and lime trade, using lime from Black Rock Quarries and coal from the Canal Company’s Gelli Felen coal works, the latter via a tramroad link from Pont Harri Isaac. Reaching Brecon by 1800 the canal made this town an important coal-trading centre with tramroad links into Radnor and Herefordshire. Canal and feeder traffic increased greatly after 1812 when it was extended to Newport and the sea. At Gilwern the Clydach Railroad was provided with its own canal loading wharf, the original line to Glangrwyne passing under the waterway through an arched aqueduct.
The Clydach Railroad would transport heavy loads of Beaufort and Ebbw Vale cast iron and Black Rock limestone down the gorge carrying much Usk Valley timber and animal fodder for the return. (Darren Ddu - Black Rock- Limestone quarries were connected by way of a tramroad spur.) However heavy loading caused such edge-rail breakage it was soon converted into an L-shaped plateway. Rails were cast at Merthyr’s Penydarren Iron Works and possibly Pen y Cae iron works, Ebbw Vale. Not many examples survive although one was used at the Drum and Monkey public house as a fire bar for many years, and another is fixed to a wall near Gilwern wharf.
The canal and its feeder tramroads – without which it could not have operated – would be killed commercially by steam railways. By 1864 trade had fallen almost to nothing, the Clydach Railroad supplanted by the new Merthyr-Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway.
Peter M. Jones /Eifion Lloyd Davies. 2015
Description of photographs
Photo 1 - The siding into the Darren Ddu quarry at Black Rock.
Photo 2 - An incline coming down from a quarry on the Hafod Road leading to the lime kilns
Photo 3 - Lime kilns on the Black Rock road at the entrance to the Darren Ddu quarry.
Photo 4 - Part of the Clydach Railroad just below the Rock and Fountain pub.
Photo 5 - The Clydach Railroad coming into Clydach Village past the old Clydach School.
Photo 6 - The crossing where the railroad crosses the 1812 turnpike road between Merthyr and Govilon. There was a sign here giving instructions as to weight etc that could be carried on the railroad.
Photo 7 - The railroad passing Bethlehem Chapel near Maes Gwartha.
Photo 8 - The railroad behind the Clydach village. The old school would be behind the photographer on the left.
Photo 9 - Maes Gwartha Village
Photo10 - This was the weighbridge on the Clydach Railroad. Known today as Engine House. The railroad would continue towards the canal but there is also a right turn that takes the railroad under the canal and on to Glangrwyne forge
Photo 11 - One of the rail bars that made up the railroad. Cast either at Penydarren or at Pen y Cae in Ebbw Vale.
Photo 12 - The track that takes the railroad under the canal at Gilwern.
Photo 13 - Gilwern Wharf today.
Photo 14 - The loading basin on the canal can be seen to the left. The trams could unload their iron, coal or limestone ready to be transported north towards Brecon or south towards Newport.
Photo 15 Same section of the canal. The canal being used for leisure.